Product Detail

Bulk Bone Char GAC 20X60 mesh (by the lb.)

OVERVIEW

The best choice for Fluoride removal.

Sold by the lb. $15/lb.

BONE CHAR 20x60 Mesh is a unique granular natural carbon media produced from aged bones. It’s surface area and base material lends itself to the adsorption of a range of heavy metals including lead, aluminum, manganese, silver as well as non-metals such as fluoride and bromine. Can be used in numerous bone char water filter designs and in combination with standard granular activated charcoal filter.

Bone char is different from activated carbon in that it contains both carbon surface area and hydroxyapatite lattice surface area. Kosher/ ANSI 61 Certified.

Rinse off any charcoal dust before application.

Replace after 6 months.

Technical Specs

US Standard Mesh Size

 20 X 60
Greater than 20  5% maximum
Less than 60  5% maximum
 Surface Area (BET N2)  200 m2/gm
 Hardness Number  80 minimum
 Moisture  5% maximum as packed
 Bulk Density (lbs/ft3)  40 typical
 Acid Soluble Ash  3% typical
 pH  8 - 10 typical
Lab Results

Based on 1 bone char and 1 GAC filter.

Fluoride Removal

Chlorine Removal

 

Additional Info
Bonechar - Removal Efficiency Index of Heavy Metals*
Metal 

Capacity

(mg/g)

Linear

Velocity

(m3/hr)

 Removal

Efficiency

(%)

 Aluminum  24  1  > 80
 Arenic III  30  0.5  > 80
 Arsenic V  26  0.5  > 80
 Cadmium  15  0.5  > 80
 Chromium III  15  0.5  > 80
 Chromium IV  8  0.5  ≈ 50
 Copper  50  3  > 90
 Iron  30  3  > 80
 Lead  151  3  > 90
 Manganese   50  3  > 80
 Mercury  *  0.5  ≈ 50#
 Nickle  45  3  > 90
 Silver  *  0.5  ≈ 50#
 Zinc  37  3  > 90

 

* Undetermined capacity due to the nature of adsorption, does convert to pure metal from which recovery may be possible. # Highly dependent on other species in the stream. All figures are subject to ongoing research and updating. *Figures courtesy of Glasgow University, UK.

 

ADSORPTION of METALS

ALUMINUM Very effective in removing soluble aluminum. Adsorption influenced by pH and retention time. Best results at ph 7 or above.
 ARSENIC Largely dependent upon form of arsenic (ie. AsIII or AsV). pH has considerable influence. At low pH almost no adsorption occurs. Affected by Protonation.
 CADMIUM Bone char is better than conventional precipitation and/or coagulation processes. Superior results in soft water. Retention time on par with aluminum.
CHROMIUM Much dependent upon form present, ie. cation or anion, and valency (chrome III or chrome VI). Chrome III adsorbs well.
 COPPER Adsorption dependent upon pH and retention time.
 IRON Dependent upon form of iron. Better results with organic iron than with inorganic. Inorganic results dependent upon valency. Short retention times suffice.
 LEAD Very effective with short retention time (ie. 1 minute or less)
 MANGANESE Very effective. Pilot results good. Competition from other methods of oxidation.
 MERCURY Best with organic mercury. Inorganic mercury is dependent upon valency (mercury I and II). Although similar, the higher charged monatomic mercury II has a greater affinity for Bone Char than mercury I.
 NICKEL Adsorption best at higher pH. Requires high retention time. At 5 pH almost no adsorption.
 SILVER Quite rapidly adsorbed. Better at low concentrations in solute. High deposits of silver on bone char inhibit adsorption. Adsorption better at pH 5.
 ZINC Efficiency dictated by contact time and pH. Both pilot plant and full scale plant performance good.

ADSORPTION of NON-METALS
 BROMINE Bone Char is effective in removing free bromine. Bromine form is important too. In presence of potassium and sodium adsorption decreases.

 CHLORINE

CHLORAMINES

Bone Char is minimally effectively in reducing chlorine or chloramine.
 COLOR Retention time required is usually about 6 – 15 minutes, dependent upon chemical make up of color. Can be used in slow sand, rapid gravity or pressure filters.
 FLUORIDE Adsorption onto Bone Char is good, but influenced by pH – better at 6.5 or lower. Concentrations of fluoride present also influences performance. Activated carbons do not effectively adsorb fluoride.
 PESTICIDES

Good at removing organo-chlorine pesticides (ie. Dieldrin, septachlor, etc.). not very good at atrazine, etc.

Title

$14.99 $18.00

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Description

The best choice for Fluoride removal.

Sold by the lb. $15/lb.

BONE CHAR 20x60 Mesh is a unique granular natural carbon media produced from aged bones. It’s surface area and base material lends itself to the adsorption of a range of heavy metals including lead, aluminum, manganese, silver as well as non-metals such as fluoride and bromine. Can be used in numerous bone char water filter designs and in combination with standard granular activated charcoal filter.

Bone char is different from activated carbon in that it contains both carbon surface area and hydroxyapatite lattice surface area. Kosher/ ANSI 61 Certified.

Rinse off any charcoal dust before application.

Replace after 6 months.

Technical Specs

US Standard Mesh Size

 20 X 60
Greater than 20  5% maximum
Less than 60  5% maximum
 Surface Area (BET N2)  200 m2/gm
 Hardness Number  80 minimum
 Moisture  5% maximum as packed
 Bulk Density (lbs/ft3)  40 typical
 Acid Soluble Ash  3% typical
 pH  8 - 10 typical
Lab Results

Based on 1 bone char and 1 GAC filter.

Fluoride Removal

Chlorine Removal

 

Additional Info
Bonechar - Removal Efficiency Index of Heavy Metals*
Metal 

Capacity

(mg/g)

Linear

Velocity

(m3/hr)

 Removal

Efficiency

(%)

 Aluminum  24  1  > 80
 Arenic III  30  0.5  > 80
 Arsenic V  26  0.5  > 80
 Cadmium  15  0.5  > 80
 Chromium III  15  0.5  > 80
 Chromium IV  8  0.5  ≈ 50
 Copper  50  3  > 90
 Iron  30  3  > 80
 Lead  151  3  > 90
 Manganese   50  3  > 80
 Mercury  *  0.5  ≈ 50#
 Nickle  45  3  > 90
 Silver  *  0.5  ≈ 50#
 Zinc  37  3  > 90

 

* Undetermined capacity due to the nature of adsorption, does convert to pure metal from which recovery may be possible. # Highly dependent on other species in the stream. All figures are subject to ongoing research and updating. *Figures courtesy of Glasgow University, UK.

 

ADSORPTION of METALS

ALUMINUM Very effective in removing soluble aluminum. Adsorption influenced by pH and retention time. Best results at ph 7 or above.
 ARSENIC Largely dependent upon form of arsenic (ie. AsIII or AsV). pH has considerable influence. At low pH almost no adsorption occurs. Affected by Protonation.
 CADMIUM Bone char is better than conventional precipitation and/or coagulation processes. Superior results in soft water. Retention time on par with aluminum.
CHROMIUM Much dependent upon form present, ie. cation or anion, and valency (chrome III or chrome VI). Chrome III adsorbs well.
 COPPER Adsorption dependent upon pH and retention time.
 IRON Dependent upon form of iron. Better results with organic iron than with inorganic. Inorganic results dependent upon valency. Short retention times suffice.
 LEAD Very effective with short retention time (ie. 1 minute or less)
 MANGANESE Very effective. Pilot results good. Competition from other methods of oxidation.
 MERCURY Best with organic mercury. Inorganic mercury is dependent upon valency (mercury I and II). Although similar, the higher charged monatomic mercury II has a greater affinity for Bone Char than mercury I.
 NICKEL Adsorption best at higher pH. Requires high retention time. At 5 pH almost no adsorption.
 SILVER Quite rapidly adsorbed. Better at low concentrations in solute. High deposits of silver on bone char inhibit adsorption. Adsorption better at pH 5.
 ZINC Efficiency dictated by contact time and pH. Both pilot plant and full scale plant performance good.

ADSORPTION of NON-METALS
 BROMINE Bone Char is effective in removing free bromine. Bromine form is important too. In presence of potassium and sodium adsorption decreases.

 CHLORINE

CHLORAMINES

Bone Char is minimally effectively in reducing chlorine or chloramine.
 COLOR Retention time required is usually about 6 – 15 minutes, dependent upon chemical make up of color. Can be used in slow sand, rapid gravity or pressure filters.
 FLUORIDE Adsorption onto Bone Char is good, but influenced by pH – better at 6.5 or lower. Concentrations of fluoride present also influences performance. Activated carbons do not effectively adsorb fluoride.
 PESTICIDES

Good at removing organo-chlorine pesticides (ie. Dieldrin, septachlor, etc.). not very good at atrazine, etc.

Delivery

We strive to ship out as soon as we possibly can. Often, if you order before 4 pm PST we can ship the same day. We ship most items through the USPS, but if you have special shipping needs, please contact us at info@highwaterfilters.com. There is a shipping estimator at checkout that allows you to see the exact charges for all shipping options before you place your order. Shipping is calculated according to size, weight and destination. We do not add additional handling charges.